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中华文化专词双译|诸子学Zhuzixue (Study of A Hundred Schools of Thought)

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Zhuzixue (Study of A Hundred Schools of Thought)

图片来源:“学习强国”学习平台

指诸子的学说以及研究诸子学说的学问。春秋末期至西汉初年,当时的学者针对社会秩序与价值观念的崩坏,展开了自由而深刻的思考,提出了多元的理论主张。这些学说被统称为“诸子学”。诸子学对后世产生了深远的影响,各派学说经由后人的研究与阐发,获得了不同程度的发展。诸子学说的进一步发展,也属于“诸子学”的范畴。

This term refers both to the theories of the diverse groups of scholars from the late Spring and Autumn Period to the early Western Han Dynasty, as well as the study of these theories. During those years, scholars engaged in free and in-depth reflection on the collapse of the social order and societal values and came up with diverse theoretical propositions. All of these theories are known as the study of A Hundred Schools of Thought. The study of A Hundred School of Thought had far-reaching influence on later generations, who researched and elucidated theories of the schools and developed them further. This further development of A Hundred Schools of Thought is also covered by the study of A Hundred School of Thought.

引例 Citation:

◎ 达观之士,既知经学,兼有诸子之学,取其所长,舍其偏滞,则于理道无不该矣。(杜佑《通典·选举五·杂论议中》)

遍览群书的人,既通晓经学,又兼而掌握诸子之学,取其长处,舍其偏狭固守之说,则对于道理的掌握就无不完备了。

Erudite scholars are well-versed in not only the study of classics but the study of A Hundred Schools of Thought as well. They are able to draw upon their merits and discard their biased or rigid viewpoints. This is how they have mastered all the principles. (Du You: An Encyclopedic History of Institutions)

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供稿:北京外国语大学 外语教学与研究出版社

 

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